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Appendix A

Cartwright, attacking the Prayer Book, 1572 or later, wrote--

"For the singing of Psalms by course and side after side, although it
be very ancient yet it is not commendable, and so much the more to be
suspected for that the Devil hath gone about to get it so great
authority, partly by deriving it from Ignatius' time, and partly in
making the world believe that this came from heaven, and that the
Angels were heard to sing after this sort," &c.

To this Hooker (Eccl. Polity, v. xxxix. 1) replies--

"And if the prophet David did think that the very meeting of men
together and their accompanying one another to the House of God should
make the bond of their love insoluble, and tie them in a league of
inviolable amity (Ps. lv. 14); how much more may we judge it reasonable
to hope that the like effects may grow in each of the people towards
other, in them [Sidenote: Anthem] all towards their pastor, and in
their pastor towards every of them, between whom there daily and
interchangeably pass, in the hearing of God Himself, and in the
presence of His holy Angels, so many heavenly acclamations,
exultations, provocations, petitions, songs of {23} comfort, psalms of
praise and thanksgiving: in all which [Sidenote: Amen] particulars, as
when the pastor maketh their suits and they with one voice testify a
general assent thereunto; or when he joyfully beginneth, and they with
like alacrity follow, dividing [Sidenote: Interjection] between them
the sentences wherewith they strive which shall most show his own and
stir up others' zeal, to the glory of that God whose name they magnify;
[Sidenote: Litany] or when he proposeth unto God their necessities,
and they their own requests for relief in every of them; or when he
lifteth up his voice like a trumpet to proclaim unto them the laws
[Sidenote: Preceded] of God, they adjoining, though not as Israel did
by way of generality, a cheerful promise, 'All that the Lord hath
commanded we will do,' yet that which God doth no less approve, that
which savoureth more of meekness, that which testifieth rather a
feeling knowledge of our common imbecility, unto the several branches
thereof several lowly and humble requests for grace at the merciful
hands of God to perform the thing which is commanded; or when they wish
reciprocally each other's ghostly happiness, or when he by exhortation
raiseth them up, and they by protestation of their readiness declare he
speaketh not in vain unto them; these interlocutory forms of speech,
what are they else, but most effectual, partly testifications, and
partly inflammations, of all piety?"

[1] There are two or three apparent exceptions which on examination
prove the rule. At the beginning of the Communion Service the
intention is so plain and the Lord have mercy is repeated so often
with the Commandments, that it is left out before the Lord's Prayer.
At Baptism and Confirmation there is no setting, probably because the
Thanksgiving close of those services has the character of both Praise
and Prayer: and this certainly is the effect of the double setting in
the Churching Service.

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