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Justin Martyr





61. * * * We bring them where there is water; and after the same
manner of regeneration as we also were regenerated ourselves, they are
regenerated; for, in the Name of God, the Father and Lord of all
things, and of our Saviour Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Ghost, they
then receive the washing of water: for, indeed, Christ also said,
Except ye be born again, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of
heaven. * * * *

65. But after thus washing him who has professed, and given his assent,
we bring him to those who are called brethren; where they are assembled
together, to offer prayers in common both for ourselves, and for the
person who has received illumination, and all others everywhere, with
all our hearts, that we might be vouchsafed, now we have learnt the
truth, by our works also to be found good citizens and keepers of the
commandments, that we may obtain everlasting Salvation. We salute one
another with a kiss when we have concluded the prayers: then is brought
to the President of the brethren, bread, and a cup of water and wine,
which he receives; and offers up praise and glory to the Father of all
things, through the Name of His Son, and of the Holy Ghost; and he
returns thanks at length, for our being vouchsafed these things by Him.
[Here follows a brief description of this special Eucharist after a
Baptism which we omit in order to give the longer description below.]


67. * * * And on the day which is called Sunday, there is an assembly
in the same place of all who live in cities, or in country districts;
and the records of the Apostles, or the writings of the Prophets, are
read as long as we have time. Then the Reader concludes: and the
President verbally instructs, and exhorts us, to the imitation of these
excellent things: then, we all together rise and offer up our prayers;
and, as I said before, when we have concluded our prayer, bread is
brought, and wine, and water; and the President, in like manner, offers
up prayers, and thanksgivings, with all his strength; and the people
give their assent by saying Amen: and there is a distribution, and a
partaking by every one, of the eucharistic elements (ton
eucharistethenton); and to those who are not present, they are sent by
the hands of the deacons * * *.

Library of the Fathers. S. Justin's Works.


[Antoninus Pius, to whom Justin addressed his two Defences, was Emperor
of Rome from 138 to 161. The first of the two is that from which the
above quotation is taken: its date has been placed as early as A.D.
139, and as late as A.D. 150. Justin's Martyrdom has been dated A.D.
166. His description of Services refers therefore to the 50 years
which followed the death of S. John the Apostle.]





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