Appendix A

Cartwright, attacking the Prayer Book, 1572 or later, wrote--

"For the singing of Psalms by course and side after side, although it

be very ancient yet it is not commendable, and so much the more to be

suspected for that the Devil hath gone about to get it so great

authority, partly by deriving it from Ignatius' time, and partly in

making the world believe that this came from heaven, and that the

Angels w
re heard to sing after this sort," &c.

To this Hooker (Eccl. Polity, v. xxxix. 1) replies--

"And if the prophet David did think that the very meeting of men

together and their accompanying one another to the House of God should

make the bond of their love insoluble, and tie them in a league of

inviolable amity (Ps. lv. 14); how much more may we judge it reasonable

to hope that the like effects may grow in each of the people towards

other, in them [Sidenote: Anthem] all towards their pastor, and in

their pastor towards every of them, between whom there daily and

interchangeably pass, in the hearing of God Himself, and in the

presence of His holy Angels, so many heavenly acclamations,

exultations, provocations, petitions, songs of {23} comfort, psalms of

praise and thanksgiving: in all which [Sidenote: Amen] particulars, as

when the pastor maketh their suits and they with one voice testify a

general assent thereunto; or when he joyfully beginneth, and they with

like alacrity follow, dividing [Sidenote: Interjection] between them

the sentences wherewith they strive which shall most show his own and

stir up others' zeal, to the glory of that God whose name they magnify;

[Sidenote: Litany] or when he proposeth unto God their necessities,

and they their own requests for relief in every of them; or when he

lifteth up his voice like a trumpet to proclaim unto them the laws

[Sidenote: Preceded] of God, they adjoining, though not as Israel did

by way of generality, a cheerful promise, 'All that the Lord hath

commanded we will do,' yet that which God doth no less approve, that

which savoureth more of meekness, that which testifieth rather a

feeling knowledge of our common imbecility, unto the several branches

thereof several lowly and humble requests for grace at the merciful

hands of God to perform the thing which is commanded; or when they wish

reciprocally each other's ghostly happiness, or when he by exhortation

raiseth them up, and they by protestation of their readiness declare he

speaketh not in vain unto them; these interlocutory forms of speech,

what are they else, but most effectual, partly testifications, and

partly inflammations, of all piety?"

[1] There are two or three apparent exceptions which on examination

prove the rule. At the beginning of the Communion Service the

intention is so plain and the Lord have mercy is repeated so often

with the Commandments, that it is left out before the Lord's Prayer.

At Baptism and Confirmation there is no setting, probably because the

Thanksgiving close of those services has the character of both Praise

and Prayer: and this certainly is the effect of the double setting in

the Churching Service.