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Christ Jesus As Creator And Alpha And Omega

Christian dogma also teaches that it was not "God the Father," but "God
the Son" who created the heavens, the earth, and all that therein is.

The writer of the fourth Gospel says:

"All things were made by him, and without him was not
anything made that was made."[247:1]


"He was in the world and the world was made by him, and the
world knew him not."[247:2]

In the "Epistle to the Colossians," we read that:

"By him were all things created that are in heaven and that
are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones,
or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were
created by him."[247:3]

Again, in the "Epistle to the Hebrews," we are told that:

"God hath spoken unto us by his son, whom he hath appointed
heir of all things, by whom also he made the world."[247:4]

Samuel Johnson, D. O. Allen,[247:5] and Thomas Maurice,[247:6] tell us
that, according to the religion of the Hindoos, it is Crishna, the
Son, and the second person in the ever blessed Trinity,[247:7] "who is
the origin and end of all the worlds; all this universe, came into
being through him, the eternal maker."[247:8]

In the holy book of the Hindoos, called the "Bhagvat Geeta," may be
found the following words of Crishna, addressed to his "beloved
disciple" Ar-jouan:

"I am the Lord of all created beings."[247:9] "Mankind was
created by me of four kinds, distinct in their principles and
in their duties; know me then to be the Creator of mankind,
uncreated, and without decay."[247:10]

In Lecture VII., entitled: "Of the Principles of Nature, and the Vital
Spirit," he also says:

"I am the creation and the dissolution of the whole universe.
There is not anything greater than I, and all things hang on

Again, in Lecture IX., entitled, "Of the Chief of Secrets and Prince of
Science," Crishna says:

"The whole world was spread abroad by me in my invisible form.
All things are dependent on me." "I am the Father and the
Mother of this world, the Grandsire and the Preserver. I am
the Holy One worthy to be known; the mystic figure OM.[248:1]
. . . I am the journey of the good; the Comforter; the
Creator; the Witness; the Resting-place; the Asylum
and the Friend."[248:2]

In Lecture X., entitled, "Of the diversity of the Divine Nature," he

"I am the Creator of all things, and all things proceed from
me. Those who are endued with spiritual wisdom, believe this
and worship me; their very hearts and minds are in me; they
rejoice amongst themselves, and delight in speaking of my
name, and teaching one another my doctrine."[248:3]

Innumerable texts, similar to these, might be produced from the Hindoo
Scriptures, but these we deem sufficient to show, in the words of Samuel
Johnson quoted above, that, "According to the religion of the Hindoos,
it is Crishna who is the origin and the end of all the worlds;" and that
"all this universe came into being through him, the Eternal Maker." The
Chinese believed in One Supreme God, to whose honor they burnt
incense, but of whom they had no image. This "God the Father" was not
the Creator, according to their theology or mythology; but they had
another god, of whom they had statues or idols, called Natigai, who
was the god of all terrestrial things; in fact, God, the Creator of
this world--inferior or subordinate to the Supreme Being--from whom
they petition for fine weather, or whatever else they want--a sort of

Lanthu, who was born of a "pure, spotless virgin," is believed by his
followers or disciples to be the Creator of all things;[248:5] and
Taou, a deified hero, who is mentioned about 560 B. C., is believed by
some sects and affirmed by their books, to be "the original source and
first productive cause of all things."[248:6]

In the Chaldean oracles, the doctrine of the "Only Begotten Son," I A
O, as Creator, is plainly taught.

According to ancient Persian mythology, there is one supreme essence,
invisible and incomprehensible, named "Zeruane Akerene" which
signifies "unlimited time," or "the eternal." From him emanated
Ormuzd, the "King of Light," the "First-born of the Eternal One," &c.
Now, this "First-born of the Eternal One" is he by whom all things were
made, all things came into being through him; he is the

A large portion of the Zend-Avesta--the Persian Sacred Book or
Bible--is filled with prayers to Ormuzd, God's First-Born. The following
are samples:

"I address my prayer to Ormuzd, Creator of all things; who
always has been, who is, and who will be forever; who is wise
and powerful; who made the great arch of heaven, the sun, the
moon, stars, winds, clouds, waters, earth, fire, trees,
animals and men, whom Zoroaster adored. Zoroaster, who brought
to the world knowledge of the law, who knew by natural
intelligence, and by the ear, what ought to be done, all that
has been, all that is, and all that will be; the science of
sciences, the excellent word, by which souls pass the
luminous and radiant bridge, separate themselves from the evil
regions, and go to light and holy dwellings, full of
fragrance. O Creator, I obey thy laws, I think, act, speak,
according to thy orders. I separate myself from all sin. I do
good works according to my power. I adore thee with purity of
thought, word, and action. I pray to Ormuzd, who recompenses
good works, who delivers unto the end all those who obey his
laws. Grant that I may arrive at paradise, where all is
fragrance, light, and happiness."[249:2]

According to the religion of the ancient Assyrians, it was Narduk,
the Logos, the WORD, "the eldest son of Hea," "the Merciful One," "the
Life-giver," &c., who created the heavens, the earth, and all that
therein is.[249:3]

Adonis, the Lord and Saviour, was believed to be the Creator of men,
and god of the resurrection of the dead.[249:4]

Prometheus, the Crucified Saviour, is the divine forethought, existing
before the souls of men, and the creator Hominium.[249:5]

The writer of "The Gospel according to St. John," has made Christ Jesus
co-eternal with God, as well as Creator, in these words:

"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God."
"The same was in the beginning with God."[249:6]

Again, in praying to his Father, he makes Jesus say:

"And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with
the glory which I had with thee before the world

Paul is made to say:

"And he (Christ) is before all things."[250:1]


"Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, to-day, and

St. John the Divine, in his "Revelation," has made Christ Jesus say:

"I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end"--"which is,
and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty,"[250:3]
"the first and the last."[250:4]

Hindoo scripture also makes Crishna "the first and the last," "the
beginning and the end." We read in the "Geeta," where Crishna is
reported to have said:

"I myself never was not."[250:5] "Learn that he by whom all
things were formed" (meaning himself) "is
incorruptible."[250:6] "I am eternity and
non-eternity."[250:7] "I am before all things, and the mighty
ruler of the universe."[250:8] "I am the beginning, the middle
and the end of all things."[250:9]

Arjouan, his disciple, addresses him thus:

"Thou art the Supreme Being, incorruptible, worthy to be
known; thou art prime supporter of the universal orb; thou art
the never-failing and eternal guardian of religion; thou art
from all beginning, and I esteem thee."[250:10] Thou art "the
Divine Being, before all other gods."[250:11]

Again he says:

"Reverence! Reverence be unto thee, before and behind!
Reverence be unto thee on all sides, O thou who art all in
all! Infinite in thy power and thy glory! Thou includest all
things, wherefore thou art all things."[250:12]

In another Holy Book of the Hindoos, called the "Vishnu Purana," we also
read that Vishnu--in the form of Crishna--"who descended into the womb
of the (virgin) Devaki, and was born as her son" was "without
beginning, middle or end."[250:13]

Buddha is also Alpha and Omega, without beginning or end, "The Lord,"
"the Possessor of All," "He who is Omnipotent and Everlastingly to be
Contemplated," "the Supreme Being, the Eternal One."[250:14]

Lao-kiun, the Chinese virgin-born God, who came upon earth about six
hundred years before Jesus, was without beginning. It was said that he
had existed from all eternity.[250:15]

The legends of the Taou-tsze sect in China declare their founder to
have existed antecedent to the birth of the elements, in the Great
Absolute; that he is the "pure essence of the teen;" that he is the
original ancestor of the prime breath of life; that he gave form to the
heavens and the earth, and caused creations and annihilations to succeed
each other, in an endless series, during innumerable periods of the
world. He himself is made to say:

"I was in existence prior to the manifestation of any
corporeal shape; I appeared anterior to the supreme being, or
first motion of creation."[251:1]

According to the Zend Avesta, Ormuzd, the first-born of the Eternal
One, is he "who is, always has been, and who will be forever."[251:2]

Zeus was Alpha and Omega. An Orphic line runs thus:

"Zeus is the beginning, Zeus is the middle, out of Zeus all
things have been made."[251:3]

Bacchus was without beginning or end. An inscription on an ancient
medal, referring to him, reads thus:

"It is I who leads you; it is I who protects you, and who
saves you, I am Alpha and Omega."

Beneath this inscription is a serpent, with his tail in his mouth, thus
forming a circle, which was an emblem of eternity among the

Without enumerating them, we may say that the majority of the
virgin-born gods spoken of in Chapter XII. were like Christ
Jesus--without beginning or end--and that many of them were considered
Creators of all things. This has led M. Dridon to remark (in his Hist.
de Dieu), that in early works of art, Christ Jesus is made to take the
place of his Father in creation and in similar labors, just as in
heathen religions an inferior deity does the work under a superior one.


[247:1] John, i. 3.

[247:2] John, i. 10.

[247:3] Colossians, i.

[247:4] Hebrews, i. 2.

[247:5] Allen's India, pp. 137 and 380.

[247:6] Indian Antiq., vol. ii. p. 288.

[247:7] See the chapter on the Trinity.

[247:8] Oriental Religions, p. 502.

[247:9] Lecture iv. p. 51.

[247:10] Geeta, p. 52.

[248:1] O. M. or A. U. M. is the Hindoo ineffable name; the mystic
emblem of the deity. It is never uttered aloud, but only mentally by the
devout. It signifies Brahma, Vishnou, and Siva, the Hindoo Trinity.
(See Charles Wilkes in Geeta, p. 142, and King's Gnostics and their
Remains, p. 163.)

[248:2] Geeta, p. 80.

[248:3] Geeta, p. 84.

[248:4] See Higgins: Anacalypsis, vol. i. p. 48.

[248:5] See Bell's Pantheon, vol. ii. p. 35.

[248:6] See Davis: Hist. China, vol. ii. pp. 109 and 113, and Thornton,
vol. i. p. 137.

[249:1] See Prog. Relig. Ideas, vol. i. p. 259. In the most ancient
parts of the Zend-Avesta, Ormuzd is said to have created the world by
his WORD. (See Bunsen's Angel-Messiah, p. 104, and Gibbon's Rome, vol.
ii. p. 302, Note by Guizot.) "In the beginning was the WORD, and the
WORD was with God, and the WORD was God." (John, i. 1.)

[249:2] Quoted in Prog. Relig. Ideas, vol. i. p. 267.

[249:3] See Bonwick's Egyptian Belief, p. 404.

[249:4] See Dunlap's Mysteries of Adoni, p. 156.

[249:5] See Ibid. p. 156, and Bulfinch, Age of Fable.

[249:6] John, i. 1, 2.

[249:7] John, xvii. 5.

[250:1] Col. i. 17.

[250:2] Hebrews, xiii. 8.

[250:3] Rev. i. 8, 23, 13.

[250:4] Rev. i. 17; xii. 13.

[250:5] Geeta, p. 35.

[250:6] Geeta, p. 36.

[250:7] Lecture ix. p. 80.

[250:8] Lecture x. p. 83.

[250:9] Lecture x. p. 85.

[250:10] Lecture ix. p. 91.

[250:11] Lecture x. p. 84.

[250:12] Lecture xi. p. 95.

[250:13] See Vishnu Purana, p. 440.

[250:14] See chapter xii.

[250:15] See Prog. Relig. Ideas, vol. i. p. 200.

[251:1] Thornton: Hist. China, vol. i. p. 137.

[251:2] Prog. Relig. Ideas, ii. p. 267.

[251:3] Mueller's Chips, vol. ii. p. 15.

[251:4] "C'est moi qui vous conduis, vous et tout ce qui vous regarde.
C'est moi, qui vous conserve, on qui vous sauve. Je suis Alpha et Omega.
Il y a au dessous de l'inscription un serpent qui tient sa queue dans sa
gueule et dans la cercle qu'il decrit, cest trois lettre Greques {~GREEK CAPITAL LETTER TAU~}{~GREEK CAPITAL LETTER XI~}{~GREEK CAPITAL LETTER EPSILON~},
qui sont le nombre 365. Le serpent, qui est'ordinaire un embleme de
l'eternite est ici celui de soleil et de ses revolutions." Beausobre:
Hist. de Manichee, Tom. ii. p. 56.

"I say that I am immortal, Dionysus (Bacchus), son of Deus."
Aristophanes, in Myst. Of Adoni, pp. 80, and 105.

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