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Morning And Evening Prayer

It must not be supposed that these Services were composed suddenly in
their present shape. They are indeed formed on the pattern given by
the Lord's Prayer; and they make use of the methods which we have
described--Intention, Setting, Key-note, Worship-forms--which have
always been the methods used by the Church as far back as we have any
evidence. But from time to time alterations have been made in the
details. The Lord's Prayer has, for example, been used as a key-note
for Praise without its Doxology; or Confession has been placed amongst
the Prayers; or Psalms have been more used, and Lessons less used. In
spite of such variations, the general principles may be traced in all
Church Services; and much interesting study may be spent on the
comparison of our Services with those which preceded them.

We have already said something about this, and when we
study these two Services in detail, it is very important to remember
that they grew out of the older Services. The daily Psalms and Lessons
might be rearranged, the number of versicles increased or
diminished, the rule about varying the saying of a Creed, or an
Alleluia, might be altered: but it is the same pattern with the same
methods of worship now, as it was when the Services were all said in
Latin and when each Diocese in this country had some differences from
all the other Dioceses.

We will now proceed to consider these two Services in their details.


The Morning and Evening Prayer shall be used in the accustomed Place
of the Church, Chapel, or Chancel: except it shall be otherwise
determined by the Ordinary of the Place. And the Chancels shall remain
as they have done in times past.

And here is to be noted, that such ornaments of the Church, and of the
Ministers thereof, at all times of their Ministration, shall be
retained, and be in use, as were in this Church of England, by the
authority of Parliament, in the second year of the reign of King Edward
the Sixth.

The importance of the above heading has been lost sight of, through the
manner of its printing. In most Prayer Books it will be found on a
page by itself or at the foot of a Table of the Golden Numbers. It is
really the heading of a chapter which contains both {26} Morning and
Evening Service. Until the last Revision of the Book in 1662, the
chapter containing Morning and Evening Prayer was closed after the
Athanasian Creed with a Rubric Thus endeth the Order of Morning and
Evening Prayer throughout the whole Year. Although that Rubric has
been omitted, this heading includes both Services in one Chapter.

EVENING PRAYER] This part of the chapter, prior to 1662, was not
printed out in full; only the variations from Morning Prayer were set

DAILY TO BE SAID AND USED] And all Priests and Deacons
are to say daily the Morning and Evening Prayer, either privately or
openly . . . the Curate . . . shall say the same in the Parish Church
or Chapel where he ministereth.

ornaments of the Church] The Canons of 1604 order a number of things
to be provided at the charges of the parish, which may be included
under this head, such as Communion Table, Pulpit, Reading-desk, Font,
Alms-chest, Alms-basin, Vessels for Holy Communion, Bible, Common
Prayer Book, Book of Homilies, Parchment Register Book and Coffer. It
would not be easy to make a complete list of things authorised by this
Rubric and elsewhere.

and of the Ministers thereof] The discussion of the meaning of the
Ornaments of the Ministers belongs chiefly to the Communion Service.
There has been no question that for Morning and Evening Service a
Surplice and Hood are ordered to be worn.

the second year of the reign of King Edward the Sixth] The reference
is to the {27} statute of the year 1548-9, whereby the first (English)
Revision was enabled to be enforced by law. Edward VI.'s reign began
on Jan. 29, 1547. This statute passed the House of Lords on Jan. 15th,
1548-9, and is referred to in the statute of 1552 as belonging to the
second year of King Edward VI., although the session lasted into his
third year.

Next: The Order For Morning Prayer Daily Throughout The Year

Previous: Appendix A

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